Mozambique’s coastal cities serve as economic hubs and primary drivers of the country’s development. Due to lack of infrastructure, city planning and geographic location, combined with sea-level rise, frequent flooding and projected changes in extreme weather events, these coastal cities are among the most vulnerable in Africa to climate change. By the 2040’s, Mozambique’s coast could lose up to 4,850 km2 of land and almost 1 million people could be forced to migrate inland.

Moreover, climate change has important effects on the main economic sector of Mozambique: agriculture. Cyclones, floods and droughts that occurred in the last years increased the risk of crop failure, lack of water and soil erosion enhancing the level of food insecurity and poverty in the country. A segment of population especially affected by Climate Change consequences is women in rural areas. Dry seasons now becoming longer implies a greater workload for women who need to walk much further to collect water (for self-consumption, farming and breeding), but also take care of families without any support. These activities limit women’s access to educational and employment opportunities as well as to critical information on weather alerts, affecting their capacity to respond effectively to climate variability.

The project aims to enhance the livelihood of the inhabitants of 10 rural and vulnerable communities living in coastal habitats of Mocubela District, by recovering resilient coastal ecosystems in semi-desertified and desertified areas. Through a community-based approach, the focus will be put on the creation of an integrated system of agriculture, agroforestry, fish farming and beekeeping, developed via the installation of resilient Synthropic AgroForestry systems (SAFs) and empowering women and youth in low-carbon initiatives

10 rural communities of Mocubela District, Zambézia District, thus supporting 100 smallholder farmers’ families


Project activities

Agroforestry/ Syntrophic (AFS) agriculture

  • 100 family lots cultivated with AFS techniques (at least 50% belonging to women-led smallholder households);
  • 10 pilot Agroforestry Fish Farms Units (Agroforestry Tanks) belonging to women-led smallholder households;
  • 20 non-mechanized (solar or manual) systems for food processing and 60 for food storage;
  • Promotion of the production and sale of honey through the construction of 10 agroforestry beehives, 1 “Honey House” laboratories for processing honey.

Restoration/reforestation of mangroves and coastal forests

  • Creation of 3 women and youth groups for the distribution of ICS- Improved Cook stoves;
  • Training of 30 young people in seedling production in nurseries and reforestation;
  • Creation of 5 Agroforestry Nurseries and 10 agroforestry seed banks.

Gender-oriented Natural Resources Management Plans

  • 10 Natural Resources Management Plans designed with the participation of communities and with the integration of gender approach;
  • Women and young people trained and empowered as Natural Resources managers.